Discover Health Information on Pre-Diabetes
FAQs About Pre-Diabetes
Information About Pre-Diabetes
Pre-diabetes is a serious metabolic condition that should never be ignored. It is now estimated that 1 in 4 teens have pre-diabetes and in the total population, more than 41 million Americans have pre-diabetes. Left untreated, many will develop full blown type 2 diabetes.
Signs and symptoms of pre-diabetes are not always obvious. In fact, most people do not even know that they have the condition until a doctor diagnoses them with pre-diabetes.
A few signs some people have include excessive weight gain or the inability to lose weight, adult acne, infertility in women, high blood pressure, skin tags, and changes in the skin called acanthosis nigricans. Some women, may also suffer from alopecia. All these things can be a warning sign of insulin resistance which is associated with pre-diabetes.
Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose or A1C levels—which reflect average blood glucose levels—are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Insulin resistance increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and prediabetes.
Both IFG and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) indicate pre-diabetes and are associated with an increase risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle changes including weight loss and an exercise program, as well as possible oral medications are sometimes indicated. (See charts below)
There is no cure for type 2 (or type 1) diabetes, but pre-diabetes can often be completely reversed with proper medical intervention and changes in lifestyle.
What’s New on Pre-Diabetes?
Diabetic retinopathy has been found in nearly 8 percent of pre-diabetic participants in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), according to a report presented today at the American Diabetes Association’s 65th Annual Scientific Sessions. Diabetic retinopathy, which can lead to vision loss, was also seen in 12 percent of participants with type 2 diabetes who developed diabetes during the DPP. No other long-term study has evaluated retinopathy in a population so carefully examined for the presence or development of type 2 diabetes.
Lifestyle, Diet & Exercise
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Healthy Living and You
According to the new MyPlate USDA program the amount of fruit you need to eat depends on age, sex, and level of physical activity. Recommended daily amounts are shown in the chart. The amount of fruit recommended each day will surprise you! Nutritional Guidelines Chart
Chef Janet K (Gluten-Free Chef) shows how to make the best oatmeal chocolate chip cookies you will ever have! She also discusses gluten-free flour in this video. Bake those cookies!
Blood glucose monitoring refers to testing how much glucose is in the blood stream (or, glycemia.) Many people often refer to blood glucose as “blood sugar” because glucose is a form of sugar. Although the proper medical term is “glucose” your doctor will know what you mean if you use the term blood sugar. Read the FAQs
Believe in yourself! You can do it! There is no cure for diabetes, but making healthy choices now can help you prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Making positive changes in your lifestyle now, and following any medical treatment your doctor prescribes, can often reverse pre-diabetes! Why not start today by eliminating unhealthy processed carbohydrates and sugary drinks from your diet and taking walks each day?
If you have pre-diabetes it is important for you to know that if you do develop type 2 diabetes you will still have to make lifestyle changes, take medications, and possibly even insulin injections.There is no cure for type 2 diabetes. If you develop it and do not follow a healthy lifestyle you risk serious diabetes complications including amputation, blindness, kidney failure, and premature death.