Pre-diabetes is a medical condition that increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes (also called “prediabetes”) can affect children, teens, adults, and seniors. The term “pre” means “before” diabetes. Pre-diabetes is an early warning sign of serious disease risk including for type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
Pre-diabetes affects insulin production and how the body metabolizes carbohydrates. A person with pre-diabetes may gain weight easily if they are insulin resistant, especially if they eat a high-carb diet.
Not everyone with pre-diabetes will develop full on-set type 2 diabetes, and not everyone with pre-diabetes is overweight. But left untreated, most people with pre-diabetes will become diabetic within ten years after being diagnosed.
According to an article in Medscape CME:
Prediabetes refers to the intermediate metabolic states between normal and diabetic glucose homeostasis. It comprises of two distinct states, those of IFG and IGT or a combination of both but by itself is not diabetes.”
More Information About Pre-Diabetes
- How is pre-diabetes diagnosed?
- Who should be tested for pre-diabetes?
- Can pre-diabetes and insulin resistance be cured?
- Books About Pre-diabetes and Insulin Resistance
Reference Charts and Tables
- Body mass index (BMI) information
- Morning fasting blood glucose
- Oral glucose tolerance test ranges (non-pregnant)
- Oral glucose tolerance test (pregnancy)
- Glucose challenge test (screening for gestational diabetes)
- Waist-to-hip ratio chart and instructions
- What is insulin resistance?
- What is Insulin Resistance Syndrome (aka Metabolic Syndrome X)?
- Signs and symptoms of insulin resistance
- Why does insulin resistance cause weight gain?
- How is insulin resistance diagnosed?
- My blood sugar is normal – can I still be insulin resistant?
- Who should be tested for insulin resistance?
- Metabolic Disorders Associated With Insulin resistance