Blood Glucose Monitoring, Diagnosing Prediabetes, Medical Encyclopedia

Definition: Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)

Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a term to describe when a person has elevated blood sugar (blood glucose) in response to eating. IGT is diagnosed when blood sugar levels are not normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. IGT is one reason why a person may be diagnosed with pre-diabetes.… Read More Definition: Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)

Blood Glucose Monitoring, Medical Encyclopedia

Definition: Hyperinsulinemia

A person who is insulin resistant usually produces higher levels of insulin from the pancreas than is normal or healthy. Over production of insulin (hyperinsulinemia) can aggravate or trigger other health problems including infertility, weight gain, bloating, poor lipid profiles, and hormonal imbalances. Hyperinsulinemia also increases the risk of more serious health problems including… … Read More Definition: Hyperinsulinemia

Blood Glucose Monitoring, Medical Encyclopedia

Definition: Oral Glucose Tolerance Test for Pregnant Women

An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is usually done between the second and third trimester of pregnancy when the greatest amount of insulin resistance occurs. This test measures blood glucose (sugar) levels four or five times over a three-hour period. Prior to the test, the woman must not eat or drink anything but water for the previous eight to ten hours…… Read More Definition: Oral Glucose Tolerance Test for Pregnant Women

Blood Glucose Monitoring, Medical Encyclopedia

Definition: Normal Blood Sugar Ranges

The term “normal” blood sugars applies to a set of standards recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA). From time to time these standards have been adjusted to more adequately diagnose diabetes and pre-diabetes…

The most recent changes in ADA standards lowered the thresholds for diagnosing diabetes and for diagnosing pre-diabetes…

Read More Definition: Normal Blood Sugar Ranges

Diagnosing Prediabetes, Medical Encyclopedia

Definition: Fasting Blood Glucose Test Ranges

A morning fasting blood glucose test measures blood glucose (also called blood sugar) after you have been fasting over night for at least 8 hours. A blood sample is drawn in the doctor’s office or lab in the morning before you eat. This test is done to check to see if you have impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Also in this article, a chart showing normal, diabetic, and impaired fasting glucose levels.… Read More Definition: Fasting Blood Glucose Test Ranges