Pre-Diabetes and Diabetes Glossary of Medical Terms

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Medical Tests


50/50 Insulin is a mix of insulin used to treat diabetes.
50/50 Insulin

50/50 Insulin: (Fifty-Fifty) Premixed insulin that is 50 percent intermediate-acting (NPH) insulin and 50 percent short-acting (regular) insulin.

Fasting Glucose: Same as fasting blood sugar. Fasting glucose (blood sugar) is what your blood sugar level is in the morning, before you eat or drink.


Fasting glucose tolerance test

Fasting Glucose Test: A blood test to check your fasting blood sugar levels. If your fasting glucose levels are above normal but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes, you are said to have “Impaired Fasting Glucose,” and pre-diabetes.

Morning Fasting Blood Glucose Diagnostic Chart

Fat: (1) One of the three main nutrients in food. Foods that provide fat are butter, margarine, salad dressing, oil, nuts, meat, poultry, fish, and some dairy products. (2) Excess calories are stored as body fat, providing the body with a reserve supply of energy and other functions.

Fructosamine Test: Measures the number of blood glucose molecules (MAH-leh-kyools) linked to protein molecules in the blood. The test provides information on the average blood glucose level for the past 3 weeks.

Fructose: A sugar that occurs naturally in fruits and honey. Fructose has 4 calories per gram.