Signs and Symptoms of Prediabetes and Insulin Resistance

What is waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)?

Waist-to-hip (sometimes mistakenly referred to as hip-to-waist) ratio is a comparison between your waist and your hip measurements. It does not tell you if you have pre-diabetes but can be useful in determining risk factors.

According to research scientists at the Imperial College Long, the German Institute of Human Nutrition, and other contributors across Europe in the “EPIC” study:

“…every 5 cm [2 inches] of increase in waist size increases the risk of death by 17%.”

How do I measure waist-to-hip ratio?

Use an ordinary tape measure and:

How to measure waist-to-hip ratio

Image Courtesy
  • Measure your waist at its narrowest (usually around the belly-button or just above it).
  • Measure your hips at the widest part around your buttocks.

How do I calculate my waist-to-hip ratio?

To calculate your waist-to-hip ratio divide your waist measurement by your hip measurement. Take that number and compare it to the chart below to assess your health risk category.

Hate to do math? No problem. Use’s free, online Waist-to-Hip Calculator – just enter your waist and hip measurements and the calculator does all the work for you!

Waist-to-Hip Calculator Tool.

Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR) Chart

Male Female Health Risk Based Solely on WHR
0.95 or below 0.80 or below Low Health Risk
0.96 to 1.0 0.81 to 0.85 Moderate Health Risk
1.0+ 0.85+< High Health Risk

Chart Source: National Institutes of Health

People with apple shaped bodies carry most of their weight around their abdomen and chest areas.
Pear shaped body

Waist-to-Hip Ratio and Risks By Body Type

People with apple bodies have a higher risk for developing certain health problems than those with pear shaped bodies. But having a pear shape does not mean that you too, are not at risk.

  • People who carry more weight around the waist, chest, and abdomen, have “apple” bodies.
  • People who carry more weight around their hips, thighs, and buttocks have “pear-shaped” bodies.