Table of Contents
Acanthosis Nigricans: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is typically characterized by hyperpigmentation (darkening of skin pigment) and usually accompanied by a velvety change in texture of the skin that is affected. Read more about acanthosis nigricans
Euglycemia: Normal amounts of blood sugar in the blood stream. Read more about euglycemia.
Related article: Normal, Pre-Diabetic, and Diabetic Blood Sugar Ranges.
Glucose Challenge Test: A glucose challenge test measures the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood stream after the woman is “challenged” with a glucose solution. Read more about the glucose challenge test
Insulin: Insulin is a hormone produced in the beta cells of the pancreas. Insulin acts like a key to “unlock” cells so that blood sugar can enter into cells and tissues to nourish the body. Read more about insulin
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (2-hour): To check for pre-diabetes, and see how a person reacts to a glucose load, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) may be given to check blood sugar levels 2 hours after being given 75 grams of glucose to drink.
Read more about the oral glucose tolerance test and normal and abnormal blood sugar ranges.
Skin Tags: A skin tag is a benign (non-cancerous) skin growth that can occur on the body or face. They can be are smooth or wrinkled, skin-colored or just slightly darker than skin color, and vary in size and can grow as large as a big grape. Read more about skin tags
Pancreas: The pancreas is an organ located behind the lower part of the stomach. It is about five inches long and approximately the size of a hand. The pancreas makes insulin and digestive enzymes that help the body use food. Read more about the pancreas
Reference Charts and Tables
- Body mass index (BMI) information
- Morning fasting blood glucose
- Oral glucose tolerance test ranges (non-pregnant)
- Oral glucose tolerance test (pregnancy)
- Glucose challenge test (screening for gestational diabetes)
- Waist-to-hip ratio chart and instructions
Changes in your lifestyle can help you reverse pre-diabetes. Learn to eat healthier, get more exercise, manage your stress levels, and see your doctor regularly.
Losing a modest amount of weight – even as little as 10-15 lbs. can help you reverse pre-diabetes.
Increasing muscle mass through strength training can help you burn fat more efficiently and make your body more sensitive to insulin.