Pre-Diabetes and Diabetes Glossary of Medical Terms

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Medical Tests


U-100: Unit of Insulin: The basic measure of insulin. U-100 insulin means 100 units of insulin per milliliter (mL) or cubic centimeter (cc) of solution. Most insulin made today in the United States is U-100.

Urine ketone strips can be used to detect ketones in urine.
Urine ketone test strips can be purchased over the counter for $8.00-$12.00.They are used to measure the level of ketones in urine.

Urine Ketone Test: Ketones are produced when there is a shortage of insulin in the blood and the body breaks down body fat for energy. High levels of ketones can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis and coma. Sometimes referred to as ketone bodies. A ketone test can be done using a urine
test strip or a blood test.

Benign dietary ketosis can be caused by eating too few carbohydrates. It is not the same thing as DKA but a person in benign dietary ketosis will also show ketones in a urine test.

A home kit is also available to test blood ketones using a combination blood glucose/ketone monitor made by MediSense.

The cost of blood ketones strips is much higher than urine ketone strips but can detect ketones before urine strips can. Blood ketone test strips are an important tool for managing “sick days” for people with type 1 diabetes.